Should We Accept Steroid Use in Sports?
Facial hair growth Deepened voice Breast reduction Menstrual cycle changes With continued use of anabolic steroids, both sexes can experience the following effects, which range from the merely unsightly to the life endangering. Acne Bloated appearance Rapid weight gain Clotting disorders Liver damage Premature heart attacks and strokes Elevated cholesterol levels Weakened tendons Special dangers to adolescents Anabolic steroids can halt growth prematurely in adolescents. He has also won the International Olympic Committee President's Prize for his work in the area of performance-enhancing drugs in competitive sports. They have difficulties stopping use even though they know it's bad for them. Steroids can be taken orally or they can be injected.
Giants slugger Barry Bonds has long been accused of steroid use. Some individuals use steroids because they perceive that increased muscle mass improves their appearance Yesalis, Excerpts of Murphy's argument. George Michael , a sportscaster and creator of the program Sports Machine , says: A panel of experts debates whether performance-enhancing drugs should be allowed in competitive sports.
Injectable steroids are longer lasting in the body and can be detected in the body for a longer period of time. How do anabolic steroids work in the body? The body produces testosterone predominantly in the testes in the male, and adrenal glands in the female. During puberty the testes 20 or 40 fold increase compared to early childhood levels release testosterone. This hormone is largely responsible for the changes in muscle, bone structure and density. Who uses anabolic steroids and why?
When athletes use steroids they might believe that steroids will give them a "winning edge," in developing their power and strength, and increase recovery from heavy workouts. Fuller and LaFountain found that athletes rationalized their use by trying to justify that using steroids caused no harm either to themselves or to others. Also, individuals perceived their competitors were taking anabolic drugs, so they needed to use to compete at the same level.
Some individuals use steroids because they perceive that increased muscle mass improves their appearance Yesalis, Mottram has suggested that social norms about "bigger being better," feelings of inadequacy, and low self-esteem may influence the younger generation's use of steroids.
How prevalent is the use of steroids? Surveys and anecdotal evidence indicate that the rate of non-medical steroid use may be increasing. Reports of steroid use indicate that between , and 1 million individuals use. According to Yesalis more than , used steroids during one year. The National Institute of Health reported that 2. Which anabolic drugs does the NCAA ban? Examples of anabolic steroids banned by the NCAA are:.
For more information on banned steroids please visit the NCAA web site. What are the different types of anabolic steroids? From the 's to the 's scientists modified the structure of the testosterone molecule to produce anabolic steroids to increase muscle and body protein metabolism at dose levels which tend not to increase other secondary sexual characteristics.
They should not be confused with steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as cortisone, corticosteroids. In a vote before the debate, 18 percent of audience members supported the motion to accept performance-enhancing drugs in competitive sports, and 63 percent opposed it. Nineteen percent were undecided. After the debate, 37 percent of audience members agreed with the proposition. Fifty-nine percent opposed it, and 4 percent remained undecided. Radley Balko , a senior editor and investigative journalist for Reason magazine, says: I'd suggest it's about paternalism, and it's about control.
We have a full-blown moral panic on our hands here, and it's over a set of substances that, for whatever reason, has attracted the ire of the people who have made it their job to tell us what is and isn't good for us.
Our society has an oddly schizophrenic relationship with pharmaceuticals and medical technology. If something could be said to be natural, we tend to be OK with it. If it's lab-made or synthetic, we tend to be leery. But even synthetic drugs and man-made technology seem to be OK if the aim is to make sick people better or broken people whole again.
Norman Fost , professor of pediatrics and bioethics at the University of Wisconsin, says: It's hard to come up with one. Anabolic steroids do have undesirable side effects: But sport itself is far more dangerous, and we don't prohibit it. The number of deaths from playing professional football and college football are 50 to times higher than even the wild exaggerations about steroids. More people have died playing baseball than have died of steroid use.
Julian Savulescu , professor of practical ethics at the University of Oxford, says: So our proposal is that we allow a modest approach. Our proposal is enforceable, it frees up the limited resources to focus on drugs that may be affecting children, which we grant should not have access to drugs As we've argued, performance enhancement is not against the spirit of sport, it's been a part of sport through its whole history, and to be human is to be better, or at least to try to be better.
George Michael , a sportscaster and creator of the program Sports Machine , says: I don't want to go to the cemetery and tell all the athletes who are dead there, 'Hey guys, soon you'll have a lot more of your friends coming, because we're going to legalize this stuff. They wouldn't hear the news. Because they're all dead. Gambling in baseball is the perfect example. The culture of professional baseball players is the one thing they know, and one thing they learn from the minute they sign a professional contract, is that if you gamble on the game in any way, shape or form, your career will be over.
I don't want my kids, or your kids, or anybody's kids to have to turn themselves into chemical stockpiles just because there are cheaters out there who don't care what they promised when they started to participate.
I don't want my kids in the hands of a coach who would encourage, condone or allow the use of drugs among his or her athletes. The Intelligence Squared U.
Iamges: should athletes use anabolic steroids
Therefore, long after you gave them up you may develop side effects. He has also won the International Olympic Committee President's Prize for his work in the area of performance-enhancing drugs in competitive sports.
Wadler stresses that "unlike almost all other drugs, all steroid based hormones have one unique characteristic -- their dangers may not be manifest for months, years and even decades. In light of these hazards, measures to curtail the use of anabolic steroids are escalating. Recent evidence suggests that long-time steroid users and steroid abusers may experience the classic characteristics of addiction including cravings, difficulty in stopping steroid use and withdrawal symptoms.
They are slowly qnabolic from the muscles into the rest of the body, and may be detectable for months after last use. Most healthy males produce between 2 to 10 milligrams of testosterone a day. Facial hair growth Deepened voice Breast reduction Menstrual cycle changes With continued use of anabolic steroids, both sexes can experience the following effects, which range from the merely unsightly to the life endangering. Monday, September 6 Anabolic steroids. With unsupervised steroid use, wanton 'megadosing' or stacking using a combination of different steroidsthe effects can be irreversible or undetected until it's too late.
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